Constitutional Law

With the adoption of the the Basic Law, Germany was given a democratic and liberal Constitution. The Federal Constitutional Court was established as the watchdog over this Constitution so that German democracy is not defenceless and at the mercy of political enemies, as was the case in the Weimar Republic. This mission of the Basic Law was taken very seriously in the FMJ, especially since the first Minister of Justice, Thomas Dehler, and the first State Secretary, Dr. Strauss, were both members of the Parliamentary Council. The FMJ was to become a ministry responsible both for legislative initiatives and protection of the Constitution. However, personnel continuity is evident in Directorate General IV for Constitutional Law as well, and the study focuses on the consequences which this had for the work of the FMJ.

Initial research results of the IAC can be found in the article (in German only) by Horst Dreier titled "Das Bundesministerium der Justiz und die Verfassungsentwicklung in der frühen Bundesrepublik Deutschland," in: Die Rosenburg, edited by Manfred Görtemaker und Christoph Safferling, Göttingen 2013.