Position of the FMJ on the Nuremburg Trials and the Allied Control Council

When the victorious powers of World War II took over supreme governmental power on 5 June 1945, and the Allied Control Council was founded on 30 August 1945, legal conditions were created with which the FMJ had to come to terms following the establishment of the Federal Republic. This applied, for example, to the position of the FMJ to Control Council Law No. 1 dated 20 September 1945, with which NS law was rescinded. This project examines the positions taken by BMJ staff and how they assessed the overall activities of the Control Council. It also addresses the attitude of the Ministry toward the Nuremburg Trials, whose judgments had a major effect throughout the Federal Republic. Of particular interest in this context is the trial against the jurists, which - even more than the proceedings against the major war criminals - has exemplary significance for coming to terms with the NS past by those working in the legal profession. That trial was directed primarily against former staff of the Reich Justice Ministry and made clear what role was played by lawyers in establishing and maintaining the NS system of injustice.