The FMJ and the Prosecution of Crimes in Connection with the Holocaust

This project examines the position of the FMJ toward prosecution of NS crimes by the German justice system, which did not begin until 1950 in the Federal Republic with Law No. 13 of the Council of High Commissioners. However, at first only crimes committed by Germans against Germans were prosecuted. But it became clear at the latest in 1958 during the trial against the Ulm Einsatzgruppe (mobile operational unit) that this perspective was insufficient. Following the establishment of the Central Office of the Land Justice Administrations for the Investigation of National Socialist Crimes in Ludwigsburg in 1958, National Socialist crimes of homicide against civilians outside of the territory of the Federal Republic were prosecuted; these primarily involved those crimes that had been committed independently of actual acts of war, for example in concentration camps or ghettos, as well as the mass murders committed by so-called Einsatzgruppen (mobile operational units).

Initial research results of the IAC study may be found in the article (in German only) by Thomas Vormbaum, "Die strafrechtliche Aufarbeitung der nationalsozialistische Justizverbrechen in der Nachkriegszeit," in: Die Rosenburg, edited by Manfred Görtemaker und Christoph Safferling, Göttingen 2013. Also: Günter Hirsch, "Die Bundesdeutsche Justiz und die Aufarbeitung von NS-Justizunrecht," in: Die Verantwortung von Juristen, edited by the IAC, Berlin 2013.